Unit 9 Outline

 

Readings:

 

Western Civilization, 5th Edition,  Jackson J. Spielvogel

  Chapter  26 The Futile Search for a New Stability: Europe Between the Wars, 1919-1939

  Chapter  27 The Deepening of the European Crisis: World War II

 

Discussion Questions:
  1. Describe the regime that Mussolini established.  What was the purpose of the corporative state and what was it actually like?
  2. How did Hitler became chancellor.  Of what significance were the months from June, 1932 to January, 1933?  The elections of March 1933? How would you rate him as a politician?
  3. Was the Nazi revolution really a revolution?  Explain the outstanding political, economic and social changes introduced in Germany under the Third Reich.
  4. Munich is considered one of the great failures of all time.  Was it really a failure?  How did the French, the British and the Russians view the policy of appeasement?  How was this policy abandoned?
  5. In what sense did Hitler dominate the European continent by the summer of 1940?
  6. Analyze the alternatives open to the Allies in meting out conditions for peace.  Assess the terms given to Germany, Italy and Japan.  Compare and contrast the peace settlements of World Wars I and II?

 

Identifications:

 

Europe Between the Wars, 1919-1939

League of Nations

Little Entente

Dawes Plan

Treaty of Locarno

Kellogg-Briand pact

Great Depression

John Maynard Keynes

Popular Front

Benito Mussolini

Fascio di Combattimento

Weimar Republic

Adolph Hitler

 

Mein Kampf

NSDAP/Nazis

Lebensraum

the Enabling Act

Nuremberg laws

Kristallnacht

New Economic Policy/"war communism"

Joseph Stalin

five-year plan

Stakhanov cult

kulaks

collective farms

General Francisco Franco

 

Spanish Civil War

Oswald Spengler

Marie Stopes' Married Love

Dadaism and Surrealism

Bauhaus School and Walter Gropius

Kurt Weill's The Threepenny Opera

"degenerate art"

Socialist Realism

Arnold Schoenberg and atonal music

James Joyce and Virginia Woolf

Carl Jung

Werner Heisenberg

Ernest Rutherford

 

World War II

Lebensraum

Rhineland

Rome-Berlin Axis

appeasement

Neville Chamberlain

Sudentenland

Munich Conference

"peace in our time"

1939 non-aggression pact

Blitzkrieg

Maginot Line

 

 

Dunkirk

Winston Churchill

Battle of Britain

Pearl Harbor

Great East Asia Co-Prosperity Sphere

Grand Alliance

El Alamein

Stalingrad

Battle of Midway

Normandy

  the Holocaust

Final Solution

Einsatzgruppen

Auschwitz

Wannsee Conference

Great Patriotic War

Albert Speer

Luftwaffe

Dresden

Allied Strategic Bombing Survey

Hiroshima and Nagasaki

Yalta

Potsdam