Unit 7 Outline



Western Civilization, 5th Edition,  Jackson J. Spielvogel

Chapter 24.  An Age of Modernity, Anxiety, and Imperialism

Chapter 25.  The Beginning of the Twentieth Century Crisis: War and Revolution

(with the exception of the section entitled "War and Revolution", pages 726 - 732)


  A Re-evaluation of the Versailles Peace By William R. Keylor



Discussion Questions:

  1. How were European International relations affected in the years 1905 to 1913 by the crisis over (a) Morocco and (b) the Balkans.

  2. How did the assassination of the Archduke Francis Ferdinand lead to the outbreak of a general European war?

  3. How would you summarize the major military campaigns of 1915 and 1916?  What was the general state of affairs at the end of 1916?

  4. What impact did this "total war" have on life at home?  How were domestic, economic, and political moments affected by it?

  5. Describe the Paris Peace Conference and the Treaty if Versailles.  Why were they later deemed failures?  To what extent did they assure another world war?





New Imperialism

"open door" policy

Boxer Rebellion

Meiji Restoration

Indian National Congress

Congress of Berlin

Britain's "splendid isolation"


sphere of influence 



Boer War

Union of South Africa


"Indian Mutiny"

Empress of India 

Taiping Rebellion

Opium Wars

extraterritorial rights 

Boxer Rebellion

Rudyard Kipling's White Man's Burden

J. A. Hobson


David Livingstone and H. M. Stanley

Leopold II of Belgium

Berlin conference of 1885

Congo Free State

Brussels conference of 1889

"indirect rule"

hut tax

Fashoda crisis

Cecil Rhodes

Modernity and Anxiety

Max Planck and quanta

Albert Einstein's E=mc2

Friedrich Nietzsche's "slave morality"

Henri Bergson's "life force"

Sigmund Freud and psychoanalysis

the ego, the id, and the superego

Social Darwinism and Herbert Spencer

Ernst Renan's Life of Jesus

Pius IX's Syllabus of Errors

Leo XIII's De Rerum Novarum



Paul Cezanne and Vincent van Gogh

 Pablo Picasso and Cubism

Abstract Expressionism

Igor Stravinsky's The Rite of Spring

the Pankhursts and the "suffragettes"

the "new woman"

Alfred Dreyfus

Theodore Herzl and Zionism

Fabian Socialists

David Lloyd George

"Bloody Sunday"

Peter Stolypin



The Great War


No Man's Land

Black Hand

Gavrillo Princip

"blank check"

the Schlieffen Plan

trench warfare


the Somme

Central Powers

the Lusitania

"unlimited submarine warfare"

Germany's War Raw Materials Board

Britain's Ministry of Munitions

Georges Clemenceau

the Easter Rebellion


Nicholas II and Alexandra


"Peace, Land, and Bread"


Bolsheviks and Mensheviks

V.I. Lenin

the "April Theses"


Alexander Kerensky

Treaty of Brest-Litovsk

Reds and Whites

Leon Trotsky

"war communism"

Karl Liebknecht and Rosa Luxemburg

the Free corp

Wood Wilson's Fourteen Points

Treaty of Versailles

League of Nations