Unit 6 Outline



Western Civilization, 5th Edition,  Jackson J. Spielvogel

  Chapter 22  An Age of Nationalism and Realism, 1850-1871

  Chapter 23  Mass Society in an "Age of Progress," 1871-1894



Discussion Questions:

  1. In what sense may Louis Napoleon Bonaparte be considered the first “modern” dictator?  Discuss (a) his coming to power, (b) his rule as Napoleon III.

  2. Describe the steps Cavour took to unite Italy.  How successful was he?  What events followed the French withdrawal from the war against Austria?

  3. Explain Bismarck’s political outlook and describe the nature and outcome of his dispute with the liberals in the Prussian parliament. 

  4. What kids of insecurity resulted from the capitalist economy?  What devices were restored to in order to combat insecurity?

  5. How successfully had Britain dealt with the Irish problem by 1914?

  6. How did Freud influence out understanding of human behavior?  What contribution did Pavlov make?

  7. How did 19th and 20th century developments in biology and psychology affect the older views of human beings as rational animals?  What were the implications of these views?




Nationalism and Realism


Napoleon III

Baron Haussmann and Paris

Crimean War

Ottoman Empire

Dardanelles and Savastopol

Florence Nightingale

Piedmont and the House of Savoy

Count Camillo di Cavour

battles of Magenta and Solferino

Giuseppe Garibaldi and the Red Shirts



Count Otto von Bismarck

"iron and blood"

Austro-Prussian War

North German Confederation

Dual Monarchy, Ausgleich

Alexander II and the serfs


the People's Will

Queen Victoria

Reform Bill of 1867


Benjamin Disraeli and William Gladstone

Louis Pasteur

Michael Faraday

Charles Darwin, On the Origin of Species

Joseph Lister

Elizabeth Blackwell

August Comte and "positive knowledge"


Gustave Flaubert's Madame Bovary

Charles Dickens

Gustave Courbet's The Stonebreakers

Franz Liszt

Richard Wagner



Mass Society in an "Age of Progress"


Coney Island and Blackpool


Guglielmo Marconi

internal combustion engine

Gottlieb Daimler


Second Industrial Revolution

sweatshops and "sweating"

white-collar jobs

Contagious Diseases Acts

Wilhelm Liebknect and August Bebel

Social Democratic Party

Jean Jaures

May Day


Eduard Bernstein

Michael Bakunin and anarchism

Public Health Act of 1875

V.A. Huber and Octavia Hill

garden city movement

Consuelo Vanderbilt

domestic servants

Lord Tennyson's The Princess

"family planning"

Robert Baden Powell's Boy Scouts

"yellow press"

music halls and dance halls

English Football Association


Reform Act of 1884

Irish Home Rule

France's Third Republic

the Commune

General Georges Boulanger

Spanish-American War

Cuba and the Philippines

Italy and Ethiopia

the Reichstadt


Bismarck's welfare legislation

William II


Alexander III and Nicholas II

"the principle of autocracy"