Unit 4 Outline



Western Civilization, 5th Edition,  Jackson J. Spielvogel

  Chapter 19 A Revolution in Politics: The Era of the French Revolution and Napoleon


The Western Experience by Chambers, Hanawalt, Rabb, Woloch, and Grew

  Chapter 20 The French Revolution

  Chapter 21 The Age of Napoleon


Discussion Questions:
  1. In what ways did the legal division of society under the Old Regime fail to reflect the actual political and social conditions of France?  What observations may be made about the existing property system?

  2. Describe the changes taking place in both the nobility and bourgeoisie prior to the Revolution.  How did these changes contribute to the Revolution?

  3. Assess the machinery of government established by the Constitution of 1791.

  4. Describe the legislation introduced by the Consistent Assembly with respect to (a) public finances (b) church lands, (c) guilds and labor organizations.

  5. What were the reactions of various European governments to the revolutionary events in France

  6. Why may the insurrection of August 10, 1792, be called the “second” French Revolution

  7. How do you explain Napoleon's rise to power? What role did luck, public relations, and conspiracy play in his ascendancy?

  8. Explain the origins, purpose and nature of Napoleon’s Continental System.  What effect did Napoleon’s setbacks in Spain have of other countries in Europe?

  9. Analyze Napoleon's domestic policies. Did he repudiate the Revolution, or did he solidify and institutionalize it?

  10. What appeal did the Napoleonic system have in Europe?  To what extent was repression employed?

  11. Describe the principal territorial arrangements adopted at the Congress of Vienna.  What attitudes were taken toward the peace settlement by (a) Prussia, (b) Russia, (c) Great Britain, (d) Austria?  How was the dispute over Poland settled?




French Revolution



natural rights

the marquis de Lafayette

First and Second Estates

the taille

Third Estate

the bourgeoisie

French Parlements

Abbe Sieyes

the National Assembly

Oath of the Tennis Court 

Great fear of 1789

Declaration of the Rights of Man and Citizen


the Tennis Court Oath

Declaration of the Rights of Man and Citizen

Olympe de Gouges

Civil Constitution of the Clergy

the Jacobins

escape to Varennes

Declaration of Pillnitz

Paris Commune


Edmund Burke, Reflections on the Revolution in France
Thomas Paine, The Rights of Man

Georges Danton

National Convention

Girondins and the Mountain

the Vendee

Committee of Public Safety

Maximilien Robespierre

Reign of Terror

Thermidorean Reaction


Gracchus Babeuf

Leopold II
Francis II
Brunswick Manifesto
"September massacres"
"active"/"passive" citizens
nonjuring clergy





Napoleon Bonaparte

Italian and Egyptian campaigns

First Consul and Emperor

the Concordat

the Civil Code

Austerlitz and Trafalgar

Napoleon's Continental System


Berlin Decree
Milan Decree

battle of Waterloo
Hundred Days 

Treaty of Pressburg
treaty of Tilsit
Peninsular War