Unit 2 Outline




Western Civilization, 5th Edition,  Jackson J. Spielvogel

  Chapter 13. Reformation and Religious Warfare in the Sixteenth Century

Politics and Wars of Religion in the Sixteenth Century

  Chapter 14. Europe and the World: New Encounters, 1500-1800

  Chapter 15. State Building and the Search for Order in the Seventeenth Century.




Discussion Questions:

  1. What correlation is there between overseas expansion and economic, social, and political development in Europe?

  2. What role did religion play as a motivation in the age of discovery? Was it as important a motive as economics? Explain with examples.

  3. Were the "politiques" ahead of their time?  What was Henry IV really saying when he said the "Paris is well worth a mass?"

  4. No one in modern history held as much power for as long as Louis XIV.  how did he rule France?  how did he increase his power through (a) military and administrative reforms, (b) economic and financial policies, and (c) religious policy?  What role did France play in foreign affairs during his reign?

  5. Given its relatively small population and lack of obvious resources, why was the Dutch Republic so successful in establishing a profitable overseas empire?

  6. Why did Parliament come into conflict with Charles I? How did the special nature of Parliament make its resistance effective?

  7.  Compare the reigns of Frederick William of Brandenburg-Prussia and Peter the Great of Russia. How are their policies similar? How are they different?





Wars of Religion

Thirty Years War

four phases of war

Edict of Restitution



Gustavus Adolphus

Peace of Westphalia



Exploration and Discovery

Marco Polo

Prince Henry the Navigator

the Gold Coast

Bartholomeu Dias

Vasco da Gama 

Christopher Columbus 

John Cabot 

Vasco Nunez de Balboa 

Ferdinand Magellan 

Treaty of Tordesillas


Hernan CortÚs and Moctezuma

the Aztecs

Francisco Pizarro


slave trade

Dutch East India Company

Mughal Empire

British East India Company



Tokugawa shoguns

the New Netherlands

Navigation Acts

Samuel de Champlain 

the asiento


joint stock trading companies

House of Fugger


mestizos and mulattoes 

the Columbian Exchange



New Monarchies - Absolutism


Bishop Jacques Boussuet 

"divine right" 

Cardinals Richelieu and Mazarin

the Fronde

Louis XIV

Revocation of the Edict of Nantes

War of Spanish Succession

War of the League of Augsburg

Treaty of Utrecht



Jean-Baptiste Colbert

Peace of Utrecht

the Hohenzollerns

the Romanovs

Russian serfdom

Peter the Great

Great Northern War

house of Orange

James I

Charles I

Declaration of Indulgence

Archbishop Laud

Ship Money

the Stuarts

English Civil War

Oliver Cromwell




the Restoration

Charles II

Test Act

James II

Glorious Revolution

Thomas Hobbes

John Locke

Bill of Rights