Unit I Outline




Western Civilization, 5th Edition,  Jackson J. Spielvogel


Chapter 11. The Late Middle Ages: Crisis and Disintegration in the Fourteenth Century. Chapter 12. Recovery and Rebirth: The Age of the Renaissance

Chapter 13. Reformation and Religious Warfare in the Sixteenth Century

Prelude to Reformation

Martin Luther and the Reformation in Germany

Germany and the Reformation: Religion and Politics

Spread of the Protestant Reformation

Social Impact of the Reformation

Catholic Reformation




Discussion Questions:
  1. How would modern society react to a health crisis like the Black Death?  In what ways would the modern world view create a reaction different reaction than that of the 1350s? 

  2. Describe the trends of the papacy's decline during the fourteenth century.  How did these trends and scholasticism provide the foundation of the Protestant Reformation? 

  3. What social and economic factors helped create Renaissance society? 

  4. Why did the Renaissance have an impact on education and manners?  How were the ideas of “courtier” and “gentleman” developed in this age? 

  5. What were the distinctive characteristics of the Renaissance artists? How does their art reflect the political and social events of the period? 

  6. The 19th century historian Jacob Burckhardt believed that the Italian Renaissance marked the beginning of the modern world. Do you agree or disagree with his thesis?  What attitudes and beliefs contrast the Renaissance with the Middle Ages? 

  7. What was Luther's fundamental religious problem? Trace the development of this problem and how Luther solved it. How did Luther's religious ideas differ from those of Catholicism? 

  8. How did the Reformation in England differ from the Reformation in Germany and in Switzerland? 

  9. What were the contributions of the papacy, Council of Trent, and the Jesuits to the revival of Catholicism?



The Late Middle Ages

Black Death

Boccaccio's Decameron


Statute of Laborers

the Jacquerie

Wat Tyler and John Ball

the battle of Crecy


Henry V

the battle of Agincourt

Joan of Arc

Charles VII

the gabelle and the taille

Golden Bull of Charles IV

the Visconti and the d'Este

Pope Boniface VIII's Unam Sanctam


Great Schism


Council of Constance


Brothers of the Common Life

the vernacular

Dante's Divine Comedy



Jacob Burckhardt

Leon Battista Alberti

Hanseatic League

House of Medici

Castiglione's Book of the Courtier

Cosimo d'Medici

Isabella d'Este

Peace of Lodi and balance of power

Machiavelli's The Prince

civic humanism


Bruni's The New Cicero

Lorenzo Valla

Mirandola's Oration

Johannes Gutenberg


Lorenzo the Magnificent

Botticelli's Primavera

Donatello's David


Leonardo da Vinci




Northern Renaissance

Jan van Eyck

Albrecht Durer

"new monarchies"

Louis XI the Spider

Henry VII

Ferdinand and Isabella

Spanish Inquisition

the Habsburgs

Ivan III

Constantinople and 1453

John Wycliffe and John Hus

 Leo X



Christian humanism

Erasmus's The Praise of Folly

Thomas More's Utopia

pluralism and absenteeism

Martin Luther

Johann Tetzel and indulgences

the Edict of Worms

the Peasants' War, 1524


Charles V


Pope Clement VII

Peace of Augsburg

Ulrich Zwingli

Marburg Colloquy

Anabaptists and Munster

Henry VIII

Act of Supremacy

Book of Common Prayer

Edward VI and "Bloody Mary"

John Calvin



Catholic Reformation

Ignatius Loyola


Francis Xavier

Pope Paul III

Council of Trent


Saint Bartholomew's Day

Henry IV and the Edict of Nantes

Philip II

Queen Elizabeth

Spanish Armada




Daily Goals and Objectives:

     The Early Church and the Medieval Mind

  • Understand William Manchester's view of the "Dark Ages" and contrast this popular image with the reality of advancements that make up the "High Middle Ages"

  • Appreciate the effect of the "Calamities of the Fourteenth Century

  • Describe the basis causes and effects of the Hundred Years War

  • Understand the relationships of the church with paganism

  • Understand how scholastics reinforce medieval word view while opening Europe to logical and reasoned thought.


  • Distinguish the difference between the AP US and the AP European History DBQ

  • Understand the College Board's Core Scoring rubric

  • Grade a DBQ with Core Scoring Method